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The United States, 1919-1941

Causes of the Economic Boom (1920's)

Consequences of the Economic Boom (1920's)

Industries in decline (1920's)

Problems in Agriculture (1920's)

The Roaring Twenties

Prohibition and Gangsters

Racism and Intolerance

Causes of the Wall Street Crash

Consequences of the Wall Street Crash

The impact of the depression

The Nature of the New Deal

Opposition to the New Deal

Was the New Deal a Success?

The USA, 1945 - 1975.

The Red Scare

Impact of war on Civil Rights

Civil Rights in 1950

Brown v Topeka Board of Education

Little Rock High School

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Protest

Martin Luther King Jnr

Nation of Islam / Malcolm X

Black Panthers

Ku Klux Klan

March on Washington

Civil Rights Acts

Immigration Act, 1965

Rights for Hispanic Americans

Student Protests of the 1960's

Womens Rights

Issues faced by Native Americans in the 1970's


The New Deal: A Revision Guide.

The New Deal (so called after the 1932 nomination speech of F.D.R.) only started once the “Lame-Duck” months had ended.

It had two main phases:

· The First 100 days- March/June 1933. This had to rescue the US economy from over 4000 bank collapses in January of that year, amongst many problems.

· The Second New Deal- laws passed after 1935.

The first series solved immediate emergencies, tried to relieve poverty and aid immediate recovery. The second series made longer lasting change (e.g. The Wagner Act of 1935).

A Summary of the New Deal

Income did improve, but only in 1940 did it reach the levels of the Boom year of 1927. !933 to 1937 saw a large fall in unemployment. Millions found work in the new public works organisations thanks to high public spending. When FDR cut this spending in 1937, the numbers rose again. It was only really WW2 that solved the US jobs problem.

The minimum wage laws and the Alphabet Agencies helped to alleviate but did not remove poverty. Indeed the survival of the depression until the war ensured opposition to the New Deal continued. The poorest third of the US remained no different. People often found work for public agencies, but not in the private sector. Despite the Wagner Act unions still fought over job security. Old Age Pensions, benefits still caused problems. For Blacks and women, especially in the south, little changed. The Farmers received a great deal of help, perhaps because they could shout the loudest.



· THE ALPHABET AGENCIES Set up in the first 100 days, with the aim of solving employment problems immediately.

· Trading with the Enemy Act. This allowed for a President to seize broad Executive powers in the time of a National Emergency, such as a war. It had been passed in 1917 during WW1. It had not been cancelled in 1918, so was still effective although unused. FDR felt that in order to defeat the enemy of depression he had to have the power to pass laws with out the consent of Congress. This law allowed him to do that.

· Fireside Chats Given on Radio by FDR 1933-1945 to explain his policies. They were likened to chats as if FDR was in peoples homes. The first, in 1933, was to stop the Bank crisis. Its novelty value was greatly used by FDR to get his message across. He was the first President to do this.

Roosevelt's First Fireside Chat


Impact of the New Deal







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