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The United States, 1919-1941

Causes of the Economic Boom (1920's)

Consequences of the Economic Boom (1920's)

Industries in decline (1920's)

Problems in Agriculture (1920's)

The Roaring Twenties

Prohibition and Gangsters

Racism and Intolerance

Causes of the Wall Street Crash

Consequences of the Wall Street Crash

The impact of the depression

The Nature of the New Deal

Opposition to the New Deal

Was the New Deal a Success?

The USA, 1945 - 1975.

The Red Scare

Impact of war on Civil Rights

Civil Rights in 1950

Brown v Topeka Board of Education

Little Rock High School

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Protest

Martin Luther King Jnr

Nation of Islam / Malcolm X

Black Panthers

Ku Klux Klan

March on Washington

Civil Rights Acts

Immigration Act, 1965

Rights for Hispanic Americans

Student Protests of the 1960's

Womens Rights

Issues faced by Native Americans in the 1970's

 

New Deal Opposition

Two sorts really:
1. Those who thought it did not go far enough.
2. Those who thought it went too far.

Businessmen

Thought the new laws went too far. Relief and welfare went too far and cost too much. They also undermined traditional American values. (Rugged Individualism carried on!) They wanted less government intervention, a hands off approach.

Huey Long

Thought the laws did not go far enough. He wanted to share all wealth out and use public money to help the poor even more. He was also corrupt, a thug and rigged elections. He was governor of Louisiana, and then its Senator.

Huey Long

Huey Long Quotes:

"You are giving a little man a biscuit to eat, and you put a barrel of flour more taxes on top of his head to carry."

"Whenever this administration has gone to the left I have voted for it, and whenever it has gone to the right I have voted against it."

"We do not propose to say that there shall be no rich men. We do not ask to divide the wealth. We only propose that, when one man gets more than he and his children and children's children can spend or use in their lifetimes, that then we shall say that such person has his share. That means that a few million dollars is the limit to what any one man can own." February, 1934.

Father Charles Coughlin

Said that Roosevelt was “anti-God”. Wanted to provide more work and fairer wages for everyone. In the 1936 Presidential elections he joined forces with Frances Townsend who said the old were not being looked after properly. He wanted to give them money every month.

Coughlin, Townsend and Gerald Smith joined forces to fight Roosevelt in the 1936 election, Long having been replaced by Smith after the killing of Long in 1935. They had millions of supporters.

Trade Unions

After the 1920s they wanted far quicker reform than FDR could give.

Republicans

Although defeated in the 1932 election, 15.7 million people had voted for them. They loathed the New Deal.


Supreme Court

In 1935 it ruled much of the New Deal legislation unconstitutional. It said that Roosevelt only had the right to pass national laws for all states, not pass laws that the state bodies should be responsible for.

WHAT SHOULD FDR DO?

Start again.The Wagner Act of 1935 protected workers rights to join Unions and the Social Security Act of 1935 set up a National Pensions system, unemployment insurance and help for the disabled and very young.

RESULT: ROOSEVELT HAD HUGE SUPPORT AFTER THE 1936 ELECTION VICTORY. ONLY TWO STATES, VERMONT AND MAINE VOTED AGAINST HIM. 27 MILLION VOTES FOR, 16 MILLION AGAINST.

 

 

 

 

   

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