Modern World History - Schools History Project - Teachers Resources - Films


Site Search

The United States, 1919-1941

Causes of the Economic Boom (1920's)

Consequences of the Economic Boom (1920's)

Industries in decline (1920's)

Problems in Agriculture (1920's)

The Roaring Twenties

Prohibition and Gangsters

Racism and Intolerance

Causes of the Wall Street Crash

Consequences of the Wall Street Crash

The impact of the depression

The Nature of the New Deal

Opposition to the New Deal

Was the New Deal a Success?

The USA, 1945 - 1975.

The Red Scare

Impact of war on Civil Rights

Civil Rights in 1950

Brown v Topeka Board of Education

Little Rock High School

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Protest

Martin Luther King Jnr

Nation of Islam / Malcolm X

Black Panthers

Ku Klux Klan

March on Washington

Civil Rights Acts

Immigration Act, 1965

Rights for Hispanic Americans

Student Protests of the 1960's

Womens Rights

Issues faced by Native Americans in the 1970's




The United States at the start of the 20th Century

Between 1850-1914, 40 million people emigrated to the USA.
For most the journey was hard and consisted of two weeks in the cheapest class of travel with little or no privacy.
There was also no guarantee that they would be allowed in!

Ellis Island

Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island in 1902. From Wikipedia.

Why America?

Overcrowding in Europe.
Lack of Opportunity.
America offered escape from these.

Who were the Americans?

Immigration had made the USA a very mixed society.
America was like ‘a melting pot’.
The idea was that the immigrants lost their old identity and became AMERICANS!
Old Immigrants. These were the first European settlers from Britain, Germany and Scandinavia. Their descendants tended to hold the best jobs, the most money and political power- WASPs.
Native American Indians. These people originally lived across the whole of the continent. Between 1850-90 they were forced off their land.
By 1917 many Indians lived in reservations across America.
Black Americans. In the C18th and C19th millions of Africans were brought to America to work as slaves. By 1920 there were 11 million Black people living in America.
Southern and Eastern Europeans. In the late C19th most new immigrants came from Russia, Poland and Italy. Many were Jews and Catholics.

Relevant Links

Ellis Island Immigration Centre. The Wikipedia entry for the Ellis Island migrant centre.

Immigration to America. Eyewitness history's account of immigration into the United States in the early 20th century.





Contact - Medicine Through Time - Crime and Punishment Through Time - Schools History