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What was the impact of the Communists’ social reforms?

Mao’s China, c.1930–1976

Why did China become a Communist state?

Why did the Communists start the Long March?
How far was the Long March a success?
How far did the Second World War weaken the Nationalist government and strengthen the Communists?
Why did the Communists win the Civil War?

How far had Communist rule changed China by the mid 1960s?

What changes in agriculture did Communist rule bring?
What was the impact of the Communists’ social reforms?
How successful were the Five-Year Plans in increasing production?
Did the Chinese people benefit from Communist rule?

What was the impact of Communist rule on China’s relations with other countries?

What have been China’s changing relationships with neighbouring states?
Why did China try to improve relations with the USA after 1970?
How far was China established as a superpower by the time of Mao’s death?

Did Communism produce a cruel dictatorship in China?

How successful was ‘The Hundred Flowers Movement’?
Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution?
What was the impact of the Cultural Revolution on China?
How far was Mao a great leader of China?

What was the impact of the Communists’ social reforms?

Narrative

The social reforms of the Communist party in China had very mixed results. The following is a simple list of 'pros and cons' relating to key initiatives and policies.

Collectivisation

Pro - peasants had a guaranteed income and were educated.

Con - people were forcibly moved, accomodation was poor and people who had been landowners lost everything.

Cultural Revolution

Pro - made the vision of the party clear to many.

Con - many people were killed and the process led to in-fighting witin the armed forces.

Five Year Plans

Pro - focussed on economic need and helped to get China back on track economically.

Con - massive environmental and human impact.

One China Policy

Pro - strenghtens national identify.

Con - leads to victimisation of minority groups and suppression of religious freedoms.

Sources

Source: Poster, 1968. 'Whoever is Anti Chairman Mao will get his dog head broken'

Poster, 1968. 'Whoever is Anti Chairman Mao will get his dog head broken'

Links

Daily Telegraph - article looking at conditions for China's peasantry.

Why did the Communist party reform in China but not in the Soviet Union? Academic article.

Wikipedia - The Great Leap Forward.

History Learning Site - The Great Leap Forward.

 

 

 

 

 

   

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