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Weimar and Nazi Germany

The Weimar Constitution

The impact of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 -1923: years of crisis?

The Munich Putsch

The Origins of the Nazi Party

Mein Kampf

1924 - 1929: A Golden era?

Gustav Stresemann

German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933

Germany in the Depression

The Rise of the Nazi party

- Why did people vote for Hitler?

From Chancellor to Fuhrer

The failures of Weimar

Creating a totalitarian state

Nazi methods of control

- Organisation of the Nazi Party

- Obedience to the Fuhrer

Opposition to the Nazi's

Propaganda

- Nazi Ideology

The Economy under the Nazi's

- Schacht

- The 2nd 4 Year Plan

- Evaluation of the 4 Year Plan

- How successful was the policy of Autarky?

- German Labour Front

- Dr Robert Ley

Nazi Foreign Policy

- Did Hitler plan to have a Second World War?

Education in Nazi Germany

Women in Nazi Germany

The Holocaust

- The Jewish Problem in 1933

- Kristallnacht

- Anti-Jewish Legislation

- Policy 1933 - 1937

- Origins of Anti-Semitism

 

Hjalmar Schacht

Hitler appointed Hjalmar Schacht as first President of the Reichsbank (1934) and then as Economic Minister (1935).

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Born in Tinglev, Germany, on 22nd January, 1877.
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Studied medicine in Kiel, philology in Munich and political science in Berlin.
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Joined the Dresdner Bank and during WW1
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Financial consultant for the German occupation government in Belgium.

* n 1916 he became a director of the German National Bank.
* In 1923 he became Reich currency commissioner and was praised for bringing Germany's inflation under control.
* Rewarded by being appointed president of the Reichsbank.
* Headed the German delegation that negotiated the Young Plan (1929)
* Developed right-wing political ideas – late convert to Fascism (1930).
* Met Hitler in Jan 1931 and agreed to raise funds for the Nazi Party.
* Appointed minister of economics (1934).
* Schacht encouraged Hitler to introduce a programme of public works, including the building of the Autobahnen – heavily influenced by JM Keynes and Roosevelt’s success in the New Deal.
* Introduced the New Plan which rigorously controlled everything that was imported into Germany.
* Negotiated series of bilateral trade agreements with the Russia (1935).
* Big Anti-semite.
* He resigned from his ministries and positions in the Nazi government ion 1937 over disagreements with Goring and his belief that Hitler's rearmament would not stabilise Germany's economic future.
* Arrested by the allies he was put on trial at Nuremburg (1946-7)
* Upon his release he formed his own bank and advised several governments on their economic policies - including Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt.
* He died in March 1970.

 

Essential Revision

Key Issues:

  1. How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
  2. How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
  3. How did Hitler become Chancellor?
  4. Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
  5. What were the main features of Totalitarian rule?
  6. What were the benefits of Nazi rule?

Full Germany revision section

 

 


 

 

   

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