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Weimar and Nazi Germany

The Weimar Constitution

The impact of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 -1923: years of crisis?

The Munich Putsch

The Origins of the Nazi Party

Mein Kampf

1924 - 1929: A Golden era?

Gustav Stresemann

German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933

Germany in the Depression

The Rise of the Nazi party

- Why did people vote for Hitler?

From Chancellor to Fuhrer

The failures of Weimar

Creating a totalitarian state

Nazi methods of control

- Organisation of the Nazi Party

- Obedience to the Fuhrer

Opposition to the Nazi's


- Nazi Ideology

The Economy under the Nazi's

- Schacht

- The 2nd 4 Year Plan

- Evaluation of the 4 Year Plan

- How successful was the policy of Autarky?

- German Labour Front

- Dr Robert Ley

Nazi Foreign Policy

- Did Hitler plan to have a Second World War?

Education in Nazi Germany

Women in Nazi Germany

The Holocaust

- The Jewish Problem in 1933

- Kristallnacht

- Anti-Jewish Legislation

- Policy 1933 - 1937

- Origins of Anti-Semitism


Hjalmar Schacht

Hitler appointed Hjalmar Schacht as first President of the Reichsbank (1934) and then as Economic Minister (1935).


Born in Tinglev, Germany, on 22nd January, 1877.

Studied medicine in Kiel, philology in Munich and political science in Berlin.

Joined the Dresdner Bank and during WW1

Financial consultant for the German occupation government in Belgium.

* n 1916 he became a director of the German National Bank.
* In 1923 he became Reich currency commissioner and was praised for bringing Germany's inflation under control.
* Rewarded by being appointed president of the Reichsbank.
* Headed the German delegation that negotiated the Young Plan (1929)
* Developed right-wing political ideas – late convert to Fascism (1930).
* Met Hitler in Jan 1931 and agreed to raise funds for the Nazi Party.
* Appointed minister of economics (1934).
* Schacht encouraged Hitler to introduce a programme of public works, including the building of the Autobahnen – heavily influenced by JM Keynes and Roosevelt’s success in the New Deal.
* Introduced the New Plan which rigorously controlled everything that was imported into Germany.
* Negotiated series of bilateral trade agreements with the Russia (1935).
* Big Anti-semite.
* He resigned from his ministries and positions in the Nazi government ion 1937 over disagreements with Goring and his belief that Hitler's rearmament would not stabilise Germany's economic future.
* Arrested by the allies he was put on trial at Nuremburg (1946-7)
* Upon his release he formed his own bank and advised several governments on their economic policies - including Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt.
* He died in March 1970.


Essential Revision

Key Issues:

  1. How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
  2. How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
  3. How did Hitler become Chancellor?
  4. Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
  5. What were the main features of Totalitarian rule?
  6. What were the benefits of Nazi rule?

Full Germany revision section






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