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Weimar and Nazi Germany

The Weimar Constitution

The impact of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 -1923: years of crisis?

The Munich Putsch

The Origins of the Nazi Party

Mein Kampf

1924 - 1929: A Golden era?

Gustav Stresemann

German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933

Germany in the Depression

The Rise of the Nazi party

- Why did people vote for Hitler?

From Chancellor to Fuhrer

The failures of Weimar

Creating a totalitarian state

Nazi methods of control

- Organisation of the Nazi Party

- Obedience to the Fuhrer

Opposition to the Nazi's


- Nazi Ideology

The Economy under the Nazi's

- Schacht

- The 2nd 4 Year Plan

- Evaluation of the 4 Year Plan

- How successful was the policy of Autarky?

- German Labour Front

- Dr Robert Ley

Nazi Foreign Policy

- Did Hitler plan to have a Second World War?

Education in Nazi Germany

Women in Nazi Germany

The Holocaust

- The Jewish Problem in 1933

- Kristallnacht

- Anti-Jewish Legislation

- Policy 1933 - 1937

- Origins of Anti-Semitism


The Origins of Anti-Semitism in Germany

The Nazis did not invent Anti-Semitism nor did they conceive or concoct many of the images and caricatures that Jews were subjected to in the 12 Nazi years of terror and tyranny. For centuries Christian countries persecuted Jews.

* Pogroms (legalised and police promoted riots) raged in the Russia
* In France, the Jews had suffered indignity after the trial of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish General wrongly accused and sentenced for falsely selling French army secrets. The crowds at his trial did not shout, 'death to Dreyfus' but "....Death to the Jews...".
* In Germany, the Jew was granted equal legal status under the constitution of the Weimar Republic (1919). This did not always translate to actual status and equality but nonetheless it was a change that Jews in Germany had not expected.
* When Hitler arrived in power (1933) he had made no secret in the pervious years of his distaste and hatred of the Jew. He made no secret of his desire for the removal of their rights and properties and expulsion from Germany entirely.

Social Darwinism

With the onset and popularity of Eugenics, that human society was built up on the platform of strong cultures and weaker races, the struggle for survival took on a new message for Hitler and his vision. Hitler was influenced by these ideas in his early years in Vienna as a failed artist and they were prevalent in his speeches and writings after his war experiences - especially in Mein Kampf.


Essential Revision

Key Issues:

  1. How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
  2. How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
  3. How did Hitler become Chancellor?
  4. Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
  5. What were the main features of Totalitarian rule?
  6. What were the benefits of Nazi rule?

Full Germany revision section






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