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Weimar and Nazi Germany

The Weimar Constitution

The impact of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 -1923: years of crisis?

The Munich Putsch

The Origins of the Nazi Party

Mein Kampf

1924 - 1929: A Golden era?

Gustav Stresemann

German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933

Germany in the Depression

The Rise of the Nazi party

- Why did people vote for Hitler?

From Chancellor to Fuhrer

The failures of Weimar

Creating a totalitarian state

Nazi methods of control

- Organisation of the Nazi Party

- Obedience to the Fuhrer

Opposition to the Nazi's


- Nazi Ideology

The Economy under the Nazi's

- Schacht

- The 2nd 4 Year Plan

- Evaluation of the 4 Year Plan

- How successful was the policy of Autarky?

- German Labour Front

- Dr Robert Ley

Nazi Foreign Policy

- Did Hitler plan to have a Second World War?

Education in Nazi Germany

Women in Nazi Germany

The Holocaust

- The Jewish Problem in 1933

- Kristallnacht

- Anti-Jewish Legislation

- Policy 1933 - 1937

- Origins of Anti-Semitism



The Locarno Pact

In 1925 representatives of the Governments of Germany, Britain, France, belgium, Italy and Czechoslovakia met in Locarno, Switzerland. Led by Stresemann, Briand and Austen Chamberlain these diplomats engaged in discussions about how to ensure peace in Europe and established a range of agreements.

Firstly the meeting confirmed the German rights to the Rhineland in the form of a mutual guarantee signed by Germany and France. This was significant as it marked a move away from the previous French policy, in which they had occupied the area for failure to keep up with Reparations repayments. The meeting also confirmed and guaranteed the common borders of Germany, France and Belgium as set out in the Treaty of Versailles. This confirmed the peaceful intentions of all nations and signified an end to any potential claims that any of these nations may have had to land: for example, the previously disputed provinces of Alsace and Lorraine.

Arbitration agreements between the German Government and the Governments of France and Belgium were also signed at Locarno, there was also an agreement between the German and Polish Governments regarding border issues - and a statement that any disputes would be settled by arbitration only. These agreements and mutual guarantees opened up the door to Germany's future membership of the League of Nations.


Leaders at the Locarno conference, 1925.

Recommended links on the Locarno Pact:




The Kellogg - Briand Pact


Recommended links on the Kellogg - Briand pact:


This site hosts copies of a range of documents associated with the Pact.


The Young Plan

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The League of Nations

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The Treaty of Rapello

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Essential Revision

Key Issues:

  1. How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
  2. How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
  3. How did Hitler become Chancellor?
  4. Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
  5. What were the main features of Totalitarian rule?
  6. What were the benefits of Nazi rule?

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