Weimar and Nazi Germany
The Weimar Constitution
The impact of the Treaty of Versailles
1919 -1923: years of crisis?
The Munich Putsch
The Origins of the Nazi Party
1924 - 1929: A Golden era?
German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933
Germany in the Depression
The Rise of the Nazi party
- Why did people vote for Hitler?
From Chancellor to Fuhrer
The failures of Weimar
Creating a totalitarian state
Nazi methods of control
- Organisation of the Nazi Party
- Obedience to the Fuhrer
Opposition to the Nazi's
- Nazi Ideology
The Economy under the Nazi's
- The 2nd 4 Year Plan
- Evaluation of the 4 Year Plan
- How successful was the policy of Autarky?
- German Labour Front
- Dr Robert Ley
Nazi Foreign Policy
- Did Hitler plan to have a Second
Education in Nazi Germany
Women in Nazi Germany
- The Jewish Problem in 1933
- Anti-Jewish Legislation
- Policy 1933 - 1937
- Origins of Anti-Semitism
Hitler Plan the Second World War?
Linked within the debate on how consistent and clear Hitler’s aim
to establish a vast empire based on racial purity is to judge whether
Hitler intended (and planned) to fight another war (in order to achieve
* Stereotype of Hitler the warmonger
* Character plotting to take over Eastern Europe and over-run Western
* Opposed and thwarted by a succession of European democracies who acceded
to a number of his demands for the sake of peace (appeasement).
* Accepted by many to be the official theory because “…it
fits the facts…” (M.Gilbert, 1973).
* A war of this size ‘had’ to be planned – it was not
possible for an event of this size to be accidental.
* Accepted teaching and theory that is still being felt today.
Revisionism (1960s onwards)
AJP Taylor dismissed the theory that Hitler was a ‘system-maker’
by arguing that it was counter productive for Hitler to want to destroy
present civilization and be the master of very little that remained.
* Taylor suggests that Hitler’s foreign policy (FP) was the legacy
of predecessors – they wanted to return Germany to the table of
* Predictably Taylor was criticized for his academic theory.
* Regarded as an exercise in using the same information to come up with
a radically different theory.
o Taylor’s thesis, if nothing else, forced historians to consider
alternative ideas and to check their ideas before considering them to
be ultimate, concrete and finite.
German historians from the ‘Programme School’ have been Taylor’s
* The Programme thesis relies heavily on a close reading of Mein Kampf
and Zweites Buch.
* They suggest (and argue) that Hitler’s FP was remarkably consistent
from its initial planning (1920s, Mein Kampf and Zweites Buch) right up
to its implementation in 1939.
* They point out that Hitler’s advantage was his flexible approach
– sometimes described as vague as well as adaptable.
* Hugh Trevor Roper (1953) pointed out that Mein Kampf was the blueprint
for Nazism although it did not contain a timetable of events nor did it
declare the order they should be achieved.
* Alan Milward has argued that there was no other intention for Hitler
when you consider and analyse his pre-war economic strategy.
* Hitler himself declared in Meim Kampf his distress and hatred of programmes
– describing them as simple exercises in gathering power.
* Roper and Taylor come to the same conclusion that Hitler was a power-hungry
opportunist who managed to exploit the conditions of the day.
* These theories discount Hitler’s will-power, determination and
single-minded approach to achieving Germany’s destiny.
* The Programme school point out that there is very little value in accepting
what Hitler said (almost on any occasion) to be a precise indication of
his immediate intentions.
* Documentary proof and analysis is scant.
* Many wartime documents are either inaccessibly stored in vaults or have
* What is revealed from high-ranking Nazi diaries and evidence that is
left is the consistency of movement eastward in Hitler’s FP planning.
* Moving eastward satisfied national socialists and fulfilled the aims
of Nazi FP.
* Hitler was not the fantasist, crazy fanatic and pragmatist we have
all come to learn and accept – he was everything, at all times,
in different measures, for different moments.
* Whether for long-term or short-term goals Hitler had a vision if no
* He was not consistent in his approach but consistent in his aims.
* Central to his concerns was the purification of Germany and Germans,
conquering living space in the east.
* Hitler had no blueprint and no timetable of events.
He combined consistency of aim with complete opportunism in method and
- How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
- How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
- How did Hitler become Chancellor?
- Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
- What were the main features of Totalitarian
- What were the benefits of Nazi rule?
Full Germany revision