gcsehistory.org.uk

Modern World History - Schools History Project - Teachers Resources - Films

 

Site Search
 

Weimar and Nazi Germany

The Weimar Constitution

The impact of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 -1923: years of crisis?

The Munich Putsch

The Origins of the Nazi Party

Mein Kampf

1924 - 1929: A Golden era?

Gustav Stresemann

German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933

Germany in the Depression

The Rise of the Nazi party

- Why did people vote for Hitler?

From Chancellor to Fuhrer

The failures of Weimar

Creating a totalitarian state

Nazi methods of control

- Organisation of the Nazi Party

- Obedience to the Fuhrer

Opposition to the Nazi's

Propaganda

- Nazi Ideology

The Economy under the Nazi's

- Schacht

- The 2nd 4 Year Plan

- Evaluation of the 4 Year Plan

- How successful was the policy of Autarky?

- German Labour Front

- Dr Robert Ley

Nazi Foreign Policy

- Did Hitler plan to have a Second World War?

Education in Nazi Germany

Women in Nazi Germany

The Holocaust

- The Jewish Problem in 1933

- Kristallnacht

- Anti-Jewish Legislation

- Policy 1933 - 1937

- Origins of Anti-Semitism

 

How Successful was the Policy of Autarky?


Definition

Autarky means self-sufficiency. That is when a country provides all its important economic needs and is thus not dependent on imports from other nations.

Hitler considered autarky to be a crucial element in Germany's return to economic, political and military glory and for a country geared towards war. Such a nation would be able to limit the impact and damage inflicted by economic blockade.

Total autarky is almost impossible. Thus, stimulation through state deficit financing and the terms of Goring's 4-Year Plan was designed to alleviate Germany's dependency on other:

* Increase internal production of key commodities - iron, steel, food.
* Develop ersatz - synthetic substitutes - for example Buna (artificial rubber), textiles, using coal to produce oil, etc.

Problems:

* It took 6 tons of coal to produce 1 ton of oil.
* By 1939 Germany still depended on 33% of it's sufficiency on imports - especially iron ore, oil and rubber.
* Not all the basic mineral resources were in the plentiful supply Germany required.

Assessment: Was Autarky Successful?

Germany certainly did manage to increase internal production, stimulate demand and reduce her dependency on imports but the drive for absolute 100% self-sufficiency was always out of reach.

 

Essential Revision

Key Issues:

  1. How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
  2. How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
  3. How did Hitler become Chancellor?
  4. Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
  5. What were the main features of Totalitarian rule?
  6. What were the benefits of Nazi rule?

Full Germany revision section

 

 


 

 

   

Contact - Medicine Through Time - Crime and Punishment Through Time - Schools History