the transformation of British society c1903–28
Key Topic 1: The Liberals, votes for women and social reform
The activities of the women’s societies
and the reaction of the authorities. Overview
Children’s welfare measures, old
age pensions. Overview
Labour Exchanges 1909, the National
Insurance Act 1911. Overview
The political position of women in 1903
Reactions of the authorities
to militancy and protest
The ‘Cat and Mouse Act’
Children’s Charter (1906)
The School Meals Act (1906)
Medical Inspection, 1907.
The reasons for and importance of Old
Age Pensions Act (1908).
Labour Exchanges (1909)
National Insurance Act 1911.
Key Topic 2: The part played by the British on the Western
The BEF and 1914. Overview
to the Western Front 1915–17. Overview
The end of the war. Overview
The despatch of the BEF
The part played in the events of
The failure of the Schlieffen
The race for the sea
Setting up of the trench system.
The nature of trench warfare
Haig and the Battle of the
The development and importance
of new weapons
The creeping barrage.
Britain’s part in the events
The drive to victory.
Key Topic 3: The home front and social change
DORA, censorship and propaganda. Overview
Recruitment and rationing. Overview
The part played by women. Overview
The importance of censorship
Examples of propaganda
The various methods of recruitment:
The reasons for, and impact of, conscription:
The effects of submarine warfare on
Measures brought in by the
Government to alleviate the threat of U-Boats.
Key Topic 4: Economic and social change 1918–28
The changing role of women 1918–28.
Industrial unrest 1918–27.
The General Strike of 1926. Overview
Extension of the franchise
The changes in women’s
work and social changes.
Trade union membership
Industrial militancy in the years
The long-term and immediate problems of
the coal industry
Black Friday (1921)
Red Friday (1925)
The Samuel Commission (March 1926).
and measures to deal with the General Strike
The reasons why the TUC called off
the General strike
Trades Disputes Act of 1927.
offensives of 1918
The Ludendorff Offensive is often called the Spring Offensive. These
attacks were the last major assaults on British and French lines by
the German forces during the First World War. Ludendorrf, the German
commander, realised that the arrival of thousands of American soldiers
in the coming months could make the German war effort impossible to
maintain. Germany was already struggling to feed its people and had
suffered very high casulaty rates. To win the war, Ludendorrf realised
that a large and decisive assault had to be made before the Americans
arrived in larger numbers and before Germany ran out of supplies and
The offensive was designed to break through the Allied lines at the
point where the British and French lines met, hoping that this would
result in confused defences. Large numbers Storm troopers were deployed
and the Germans made their largest advances of the war since Trench
warfare had begun. However they were unable to sustain the advances
and the advance came to an end in April, 1918.
entry on the Spring Offensive.
of War analysis of the Ludendorrf Offensive.