the transformation of British society c1903–28
Key Topic 1: The Liberals, votes for women and social reform
The activities of the women’s
societies and the reaction of the authorities. Overview
Children’s welfare measures,
old age pensions. Overview
Labour Exchanges 1909, the National
Insurance Act 1911. Overview
The political position of women in 1903
Reactions of the authorities
to militancy and protest
The ‘Cat and Mouse Act’
Children’s Charter (1906)
The School Meals Act (1906)
Medical Inspection, 1907.
The reasons for and importance of Old
Age Pensions Act (1908).
Labour Exchanges (1909)
National Insurance Act 1911.
Key Topic 2: The part played by the British on the Western
The BEF and 1914. Overview
to the Western Front 1915–17. Overview
The end of the war. Overview
The despatch of the BEF
The part played in the events
The failure of the Schlieffen
The race for the sea
Setting up of the trench system.
The nature of trench warfare
Haig and the Battle of the
The development and importance
of new weapons
The creeping barrage.
Britain’s part in the events
The drive to victory.
Key Topic 3: The home front and social change
DORA, censorship and propaganda. Overview
Recruitment and rationing. Overview
The part played by women. Overview
The importance of censorship
Examples of propaganda
The various methods of recruitment:
The reasons for, and impact of, conscription:
The effects of submarine warfare on
Measures brought in by the
Government to alleviate the threat of U-Boats.
Key Topic 4: Economic and social change 1918–28
The changing role of women 1918–28.
Industrial unrest 1918–27.
The General Strike of 1926. Overview
Extension of the franchise
The changes in women’s
work and social changes.
Trade union membership
Industrial militancy in the years
The long-term and immediate problems of
the coal industry
Black Friday (1921)
Red Friday (1925)
The Samuel Commission (March 1926).
and measures to deal with the General Strike
The reasons why the TUC called off
the General strike
Trades Disputes Act of 1927.
Propaganda of the
First World War
Propaganda is a means of using the media to get across a political
message. In war time this message has several key aims and objectives:
- to engender support for the cause
- to reassure people that the war is going well
- to encourage people to join the armed forces
- to promote initiatives that will help win the war
- to make the enemy look bad
- to justify the need to be fighting
Propaganda takes many forms during the First World War. Below is
a list of some of the things that the Government used as Propaganda
during World War One:
- Posters were a cheap and effective way of visualising a message
- Leaflets and pamphlets promoted key initiatives
- Poetry was commissioned to glorify the cause
- Writers were paid to write stories, plays and essays that were
positive about the war
- Official war artists were employed to paint pictures that were
heroic and positive
- War reporters were used who wrote in a 'certain way'
- Two army war photographers were employed: nobody else was allowed
to take a photograph of british troops on the Western Front, a crime
punishable by the Death penalty
- Speeches were written by esteemed authors to make sure they conveyed
- In London, large replicas of Trench systems were constructed to
show the public how well looked after the soldiers were
- Propaganda Posters of World War One.
- Detailed narrative outlining the role of the War Propaganda Bureau.
- article about British Propaganda during the First World War.