the transformation of British society c1903–28
Key Topic 1: The Liberals, votes for women and social reform
The activities of the women’s
societies and the reaction of the authorities. Overview
Children’s welfare measures,
old age pensions. Overview
Labour Exchanges 1909, the National
Insurance Act 1911. Overview
The political position of women in 1903
Reactions of the authorities
to militancy and protest
The ‘Cat and Mouse Act’
Children’s Charter (1906)
The School Meals Act (1906)
Medical Inspection, 1907.
The reasons for and importance of Old
Age Pensions Act (1908).
Labour Exchanges (1909)
National Insurance Act 1911.
Key Topic 2: The part played by the British on the Western
The BEF and 1914. Overview
to the Western Front 1915–17. Overview
The end of the war. Overview
The despatch of the BEF
The part played in the events
The failure of the Schlieffen
The race for the sea
Setting up of the trench system.
The nature of trench warfare
Haig and the Battle of the
The development and importance
of new weapons
The creeping barrage.
Britain’s part in the events
The drive to victory.
Key Topic 3: The home front and social change
DORA, censorship and propaganda. Overview
Recruitment and rationing. Overview
The part played by women. Overview
The importance of censorship
Examples of propaganda
The various methods of recruitment:
The reasons for, and impact of, conscription:
The effects of submarine warfare on
Measures brought in by the
Government to alleviate the threat of U-Boats.
Key Topic 4: Economic and social change 1918–28
The changing role of women 1918–28.
Industrial unrest 1918–27.
The General Strike of 1926. Overview
Extension of the franchise
The changes in women’s
work and social changes.
Trade union membership
Industrial militancy in the years
The long-term and immediate problems of
the coal industry
Black Friday (1921)
Red Friday (1925)
The Samuel Commission (March 1926).
and measures to deal with the General Strike
The reasons why the TUC called off
the General strike
Trades Disputes Act of 1927.
The Failure of the
In 1914, Germany believed that they would go to war with Russia.
If this happened then Germany assumed France would also attack them
as she was a friend of Russia. This meant that German would be attacked
on both sides of her country. Germany wanted to avoid this at all
costs. Germany wanted to defeat France quickly and then attack a major
Russia. This was called the Schlieffen Plan.
The German Army Chief of Staff, Alfred von Schlieffen was asked
to plan a war on two fronts. His plan was produced in 1905. He believed
that it was important to beat France quickly, making them give in
before Russia could attack as well.
Schlieffen wanted to attack France through Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg.
Schlieffen planned to use 90% of the German army to deliver a knock
out blow to France. The remaining 10% would defend the eastern border
of Germany against Russian attack.
Von Molkte replaced Von Schlieffen in 1906, and made some changes
to the plan. His did not want to invade Holland, but attack Belgium.
He hoped that the Belgium army would not be able to resist a powerful
German army and Germany could enter France.
Von Moltke assumed four things:
Russia would take at least 6 weeks to mobilise.
France would be easily defeated in 6 weeks.
Belgium would not resist any German attack.
Britain would remain neutral.
On 2nd August 1914, the German army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium.
The Germans were stopped by the Belgium army helped up by the BEF
(British Expeditionary Force) which arrived extremely quickly. Russia
also organised their army in just 10 days and Germany was forced to
withdraw troops to defend her eastern border. Germany did not take
the chance to take Paris, instead decided to attack east of the capital.
They were met by French at the battle of the Marne (5-11 Sept) which
halted the German advance.