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The Middle East: 1956 –1979 - The Suez Crisis, 1956; the end of British influence


The Middle East: 1956 –1979

Key issue: How far did the events of the years 1956 to 1967 show how difficult it was to find a solution to the problems in the Middle East?

The background to the problems in the Middle East

The Suez Crisis, 1956; the end of British influence

The founding of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), 1964

The Arab Summits,1964–1965

The Six Day War, 1967.

Key issue: How close to victory were the Arabs in the 1970s?

Hijackings, 1970–1972

The Munich Olympics, 1972

The Yom Kippur War, 1973

Oil wars and economic pressures, 1973

The PLO, 1974–1975; Yasser Arafat speaking at the UN Assembly, 1975.

Key issue: How close was the Middle East to peace by the end of the 1970s?

The Israeli occupation and settlement of the West Bank and Gaza, 1977

President Sadat speaking to the Israeli Parliament, 1977

The Israeli invasion of the Lebanon, March 1978

The meeting at Camp David, September 1978

Signing of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, March 1979.


Source: Skills in History, P. Shuter and T. Lewis, Heineman, 1988

Many quarrels came to a head at Suez in 1956. Both Russia and the USA were keen to increase their influence in the area. The USA was becoming more closely linked with Israel while the Russians were growing closer to Egypt.

Source: BBC Documentary (part 1 of 3)



Thinkquest - The Suez Crisis of 1956

BBC - Suez, end of Empire

BBC - British History in Depth. The Suez Crisis.

Bodleian Library - Timeline of the Suez Crisis


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