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The Middle East: 1956 –1979 - The founding of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), 1964


The Middle East: 1956 –1979

Key issue: How far did the events of the years 1956 to 1967 show how difficult it was to find a solution to the problems in the Middle East?

The background to the problems in the Middle East

The Suez Crisis, 1956; the end of British influence

The founding of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), 1964

The Arab Summits,1964–1965

The Six Day War, 1967.

Key issue: How close to victory were the Arabs in the 1970s?

Hijackings, 1970–1972

The Munich Olympics, 1972

The Yom Kippur War, 1973

Oil wars and economic pressures, 1973

The PLO, 1974–1975; Yasser Arafat speaking at the UN Assembly, 1975.

Key issue: How close was the Middle East to peace by the end of the 1970s?

The Israeli occupation and settlement of the West Bank and Gaza, 1977

President Sadat speaking to the Israeli Parliament, 1977

The Israeli invasion of the Lebanon, March 1978

The meeting at Camp David, September 1978

Signing of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, March 1979.

Source: Article by Micheal Oren, online here.

The Six Day War sparked Palestinian nationalism, which was almost non-existent before 1967 because, according to Oren, "the Palestinians realized that they could no longer look to any Arab leader to redeem Palestine for them and so they began to look to themselves. This is why the Palestinian Liberation Organization emerges immediately after the war as a major force in Arab politics." And "while the PLO had been created by Nasser in 1954 as a sort a straw organization; it didn't command any type of legitimacy, certainly among Palestinians, before the Six Day War." However, in the immediate years that changed. As Oren tells us, "The PLO as an umbrella group began to take in all the Palestinian organizations, including Al-Fatah, which wasn't part of the PLO before that. And a year after, in 1969, we saw Yasser Arafat emerge as the chairman of the PLO."

Source: AlJazeera Documentary.



Infoplease - History of the PLO

Wikipedia - creation of the PLO

Docshare - the History of the PLO




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