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The Middle East: 1956 –1979 - The background to the problems in the Middle East

The Middle East: 1956 –1979

Key issue: How far did the events of the years 1956 to 1967 show how difficult it was to find a solution to the problems in the Middle East?

The background to the problems in the Middle East

The Suez Crisis, 1956; the end of British influence

The founding of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), 1964

The Arab Summits,1964–1965

The Six Day War, 1967.

Key issue: How close to victory were the Arabs in the 1970s?

Hijackings, 1970–1972

The Munich Olympics, 1972

The Yom Kippur War, 1973

Oil wars and economic pressures, 1973

The PLO, 1974–1975; Yasser Arafat speaking at the UN Assembly, 1975.

Key issue: How close was the Middle East to peace by the end of the 1970s?

The Israeli occupation and settlement of the West Bank and Gaza, 1977

President Sadat speaking to the Israeli Parliament, 1977

The Israeli invasion of the Lebanon, March 1978

The meeting at Camp David, September 1978

Signing of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, March 1979.

Sources:

Source: Modern America, John Vick, Slough: University Tutorial Press, 1985

American policy in the Middle East was to encourage stability and to exclude any influence from the Soviet Union. The United States was interested in friendly relations with the Arab world.

Source: ‘ Modern America’, John Vick, Slough: University Tutorial Press, 1985

In the post war period the Middle East, a region vital to Western economies, became
increasingly unstable. Two major factors in the turmoil were the rise of Arab
Nationalism and the controversy over the existence of the state of Israel. The latter
issue was, and continues to be, of special interest to the sizeable and influential Jewish
community in America. No politician interested in winning an election can afford to
ignore this fact.

Source:

Links:

Historyteacher.net - Arab Isreali Conflict

BBC Special Reports - The Arab - Isreali conflict

Wikipedia - 1948 Arab Isreali War

Wikipedia - Isreali - Palestinian Conflict

Wikipedia - New Historians, varying interpretations of the Arab - Isreali Conflict.

 

 

   

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